What Are The Different Types of Basmati Rice?

Basmati rice for biryani

When it comes to rice, no other variety exudes the essence of India quite like Basmati. This fragrant, slender-grain rice is a staple in Indian households, cherished for its distinct aroma, long grains, and the delightful texture it imparts to countless dishes. However, what many may not know is that Indian basmati rice brands come in various types, each with its unique attributes and culinary applications. In this blog, we’ll take a flavorful journey through the diverse world of Basmati rice, exploring the different types and their significance in Indian cuisine.

Traditional Basmati

Let’s start with the classic – Traditional long grain basmati rice. This timeless variety is renowned for its slender, delicate grains that elongate during cooking. When you cook Traditional Basmati, the kitchen is filled with an enchanting aroma that is as much a part of Indian culture as it is of our cuisine. The grains remain separate, making it the ideal choice for biryanis, pulavs, and other aromatic dishes. Its pleasing aroma and graceful texture are why it’s considered the king of rice in India.

Pusa Basmati

Pusa Basmati is a relatively recent addition to the Basmati family. It was developed in India and is known for its long grains and remarkable yield. Pusa Basmati matures early, ensuring a steady supply of this premium rice variety. This has made it a popular choice among farmers and consumers alike. It is widely used in Indian households, especially for everyday rice dishes and in the food service industry.

 1121 Basmati

One of the rising stars in the world of Basmati rice for biryani is the 1121 Basmati. This variety is celebrated for its extra-long grains that can stretch up to 8.4 mm, surpassing the length of most other Basmati types. As a result, it offers a luxurious, soft texture when cooked. The 1121 Basmati has garnered much attention in the export market and is often shipped to international destinations, contributing significantly to India’s rice exports.

 Pusa 1509 Basmati

Pusa 1509 Basmati is a relatively new variety that has gained immense popularity due to its unique attributes. It offers an appealing blend of taste, aroma, and texture. With a grain length similar to the 1121 Basmati, it’s often considered its rival. Pusa 1509 Basmati’s success in the global market has made it a valuable addition to India’s agricultural landscape.

 Sugandha Basmati

Sugandha Basmati, as the name suggests, is celebrated for its delightful fragrance. It is known for its shorter grains and a pronounced aroma that adds a subtle yet enchanting dimension to your dishes. Sugandha Basmati is a favourite for many who appreciate a balance of aroma and taste in their rice.

Ratan Basmati

Ratan Basmati is a hybrid variety developed by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute. This type boasts grains with an appealing mix of slender shapes and decent length. Ratan Basmati is often chosen for its affordability and decent aromatic quality, making it a common choice in Indian households.

Mahi Sugandha

Mahi Sugandha, another aromatic gem among Indian basmati rice brands and types, is notable for its wonderful scent. This type strikes a balance between grain length and fragrance, making it a versatile option for a variety of dishes, from everyday meals to festive feasts.

Taraori Basmati

Taraori Basmati, primarily cultivated in the Taraori region of Haryana, India, is known for its distinct fragrance and long, slender grains. It has become a staple in the northern parts of the country and is a preferred choice for traditional dishes like biryanis, pulao, and even kheer (rice pudding).

Haryana Basmati

Haryana Basmati is a result of dedicated research and development. It is characterized by its long, slender grains and notable fragrance. The region’s climatic conditions play a pivotal role in shaping the characteristics of this variety. Haryana Basmati is a popular choice for those who savour the classic Basmati aroma in their dishes.

Basmati 386

Basmati 386, like other Basmati types, is celebrated for its slender, aromatic grains. It has made a mark in both the domestic and international markets. It’s a common choice for rice enthusiasts who seek that authentic Basmati experience.

Significance of Long Grain Basmati Rice in Indian Culture

Basmati rice is deeply ingrained in Indian culture and culinary traditions. Its fragrant, elongated grains symbolize purity, prosperity, and hospitality. Basmati is often used in religious rituals, and it’s the preferred choice for special occasions, weddings, and festive feasts. The rich and unique aroma of Basmati rice for biryani is more than just a sensory delight; it’s a cultural symbol that binds Indian communities together.

From biryanis to pulaos, from kheer to puliyodarai, long grain basmati rice is the canvas upon which countless Indian delicacies are created. It elevates the dining experience, adding a touch of elegance to everyday meals and celebrations alike.

 The Global Impact of Basmati Rice

India is not only the largest producer of Basmati rice for biryani, but also the primary exporter. Indian Basmati rice brands have a significant presence in international markets, with countries like Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and the United States being the leading importers. In recent years, India has been making efforts to expand its Basmati export reach, ensuring that the world gets to taste the magic of Basmati.


Basmati rice, with its diverse types, is a jewel in the crown of Indian agriculture. Its timeless appeal and versatile applications have not only enriched Indian cuisine but also made a significant mark on the global stage. Each type of long grain basmati rice brings its unique qualities to the table, ensuring that there’s a perfect variety for every palate and every culinary creation.

As we celebrate the rich variety of basmati rice for biryani, it’s essential to acknowledge the dedication of Indian farmers, researchers, and agricultural institutions in preserving and enhancing this cultural treasure. Whether you savour the exquisite aroma of Traditional Basmati or relish the extra-long grains of 1121 Basmati, one thing remains clear – Basmati rice is a symbol of India’s culinary excellence, an essence that continues to captivate and inspire the world.


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